Verdugo Views: A bottle label leads to research
This bottle, still filled with rice, was part of an appeal to raise funds for children in a Near East [Armenian] Relief Orphanage sometime between 1915 and 1930. (Courtesy of Katherine Yamada / February 12, 2014)
The label included the names of Samuel C. Lancaster as state chairman and J.J. Handsaker as director and included an address of 606 Stock Exchange Bldg., Portland, Ore. There was no date or any other information.
Intrigued, I purchased the bottle, brought it home and put it on a shelf; promising myself that I would research this artifact one day. When I discovered that the 2014 “One Book, One Glendale” program is about the Armenian Genocide, I thought of that bottle. I took it off the shelf, sat down at my computer and began searching for “Near East Relief.”
After a few Google entries, here’s what I learned:
Near East Relief has been around for nearly a century, according to the Near East Foundation website. It was founded in 1915 as “The American Committee for Syrian and Armenian Relief” to respond to a massive humanitarian crisis affecting millions of Armenians, Assyrians, Greeks and members of other minority groups.
“Over a million and a half died as a result of deportation, forced marches, starvation and execution,” according to the website.
During the crisis, the U.S. ambassador to Turkey, Henry Morgenthau, assembled a group of friends and colleagues who — with the help of then-President Woodrow Wilson — began soliciting donations from the American public.
The appeals were very successful, according to the website. The monies raised helped save the lives of at least a million people.
By 1919, the operation had grown throughout the Middle East and West Asia and the name was changed to “Near East Relief.”
On a website for the Armenian National Institute, I found an article posted by Rouben Paul Adalian, explaining that through public rallies, church collections and assistance from charitable organizations and foundations, the Near East Relief committee raised millions in its campaign to save “the starving Armenians.”
So, it appears that this tiny bottle, still filled with rice grains that must be nearly 100 years old, was a clever appeal by two Oregon men, Lancaster and Handsaker, to aid the Armenian cause.
According to Adalian, the funds raised here in the United States were delivered through the American Embassy in Constantinople, which relied upon missionaries and its consuls to distribute the aid.
“Between 1915 and 1930, when it ended operations, NER administered $117,000,000 of assistance,” Adalian wrote. “NER delivered food, clothing and materials for shelter by the shipload from America. It set up refugee camps, clinics, hospitals, orphanages, and centers for vocational training. NER is credited with having cared for 132,000 Armenian orphans scattered across the region from Tbilisi and Yerevan to Constantinople, Beirut, Damascus, and Jerusalem.’
“Near East Relief was an act of philanthropy,” Adalian concluded, “which in the words of the American historian Howard M. Sachar, ‘quite literally kept an entire nation alive.’”
The One Book, One Glendale project this year features “Sandcastle Girls,” written by Chris Bohjalian. It is a searing story of a young woman named Elizabeth Endicott who arrives in Aleppo, Syria, on behalf of the Boston-based Friends of Armenia, to deliver food and medical aid to refugees of the Armenian Genocide.
From her viewpoint, we hear the stories of the men, women and children caught in this crisis.
Bohjalian will discuss his epic novel at 7 p.m. Feb. 27 at the Glendale Central Library, 222 E. Harvard St.
Bohjalian is the critically acclaimed author of 17 books, including nine New York Times bestsellers. “Sandcastle Girls” was a New York Times bestseller and an Oprah.com Book of the Week. Awards for the book include the Armenian National Committee of America Freedom Award for his work in educating Americans about the Armenian Genocide.
For more information on this One Book, One Glendale event, call (818) 548-2027.
If you have questions, comments or memories to share, please write to Verdugo Views, c/o News-Press, 202 W. First St., Los Angeles, CA 90012. Please include your name, address and phone number.